There are several over-the-counter (OTC) options for treating big toe joint pain discomfort. Sesamoiditis, for example, may need a more comprehensive therapeutic approach to treat effectively. The discomfort in your big toe is likely caused by various things.

Big toe discomfort may be caused by various illnesses


At the base of the big toe, arthritis is the most typical cause. About 1 in 40 persons over 50 have it, and women are more likely than men to be affected. The most frequent symptom is discomfort in the foot and toes while walking or doing any physical exercise.

Toenail in growth

One of the most prevalent causes of big toe pain is an ingrown toenail. In other cases, it may be caused by cutting the toenail too short or by squeezing it in too far. An ingrown toenail may be aggravated or even caused by wearing tight shoes.


People who suffer from Gout have uric acid buildup in their joints. Big toe joint arthritis (ACFAS) occurs most often in this area. Normally, uric acid is flushed out of the body via the urine, but it may build up and lead to joint crystallization in rare situations.


During sports, the big toe joint may become inflamed, causing a condition known as turf toe.

This sports injury is caused by repeatedly bending or jamming the big toe upward. Running or leaping too much might cause the big toe to bend in an uncomfortable position. Players on artificial grass are more likely to suffer from the illness.


For those who suffer from bunion disease, the joint of their toe is abnormally deformed at its base. A noticeable hump on the side of the foot is the result of the joint protruding outward. Toes may point in the wrong direction, perhaps overlapping the toe next to them, as a result of this condition. The bursa in the joint might expand and become inflamed due to shoe pressure on the protruding joint.

An injury to the big toe or a small illness might cause discomfort. A simple and complete cure may be found in many situations by Dr. Vinil Shinde. Rest from activities that exacerbate pain and follow your doctor’s treatment recommendations are the best ways to alleviate it.


1. What are the common causes of pain in the big toe joint?

Common causes of pain in the big toe joint include arthritis (such as osteoarthritis or gout), injury or trauma, bunions, sesamoiditis (inflammation of the sesamoid bones), and turf toe (sprain of the ligaments around the big toe joint).

2. How can I tell if my big toe joint pain is caused by arthritis?

Arthritis can often be identified by symptoms such as stiffness, swelling, and decreased range of motion in the big toe joint. X-rays may also reveal signs of joint damage characteristic of arthritis.

3. What lifestyle changes can help alleviate pain in the big toe joint?

Lifestyle changes that may help alleviate pain in the big toe joint include wearing comfortable and supportive footwear, maintaining a healthy weight to reduce stress on the joint, doing exercises to strengthen the muscles around the toe, and avoiding activities that exacerbate the pain, such as high-impact sports or wearing tight shoes.